The United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification was issued in response to the international community to coordinate efforts to combat desertification and rehabilitation of degraded lands and to mitigate the negative effects of desertification on natural resources and human societies. The agreement focused on work at different levels through national action plans (NAPs) and regional / supra-regional programs (RAPs - PAS) to promote cooperation between countries in the region or under the same region through coordination of work in the region. field of monitoring and control of desertification and exchange of information and experiences in this area.
As a result, the preparation and implementation of the program was undertaken to combat desertification in West Asia in cooperation between the United Nations Environment Program / Regional Office for Western Asia UNEP / ROWA and the Arab Center for Studies on Arid Zones and ACSAD Drylands and the International Program for Agricultural Research in Dry Areas ICARDA
Objectives of the Program:
The program focused on two main themes: water and vegetation, so the program was implemented through two networks: sustainable water management (TN1) and sustainable management of plant cover (TN2) for the following objectives: a. Support the countries of the region to implement strategies for the sustainable management of water resources and vegetation. B. The development of innovative activities to improve water resources and vegetation management. T. Contribute to the development and implementation of programs to combat desertification and build partnership among all parties. W. Support the implementation of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification at national, regional and sub-national level. C. Facilitate the exchange of information and experiences among the countries of the region.
- Choosing websites in cooperation with government institutions and NGOs
- Implementation of an initial workshop with the participation of all stakeholders to develop a plan of action.
- Implementation of social, economic and environmental studies.
- Conduct a national training course for national knowledge to strengthen the capacity to implement proposed actions to combat desertification and rehabilitation of degraded lands.
- Carry out awareness activities for local communities on issues of desertification.
- Training of national cadres to adopt national policies to support the implementation of national action programs to combat desertification and integration into the activities of national development plans.
- Applying different procedures to restore degraded land rehabilitation, such as water harvesting, planting and maintaining pastoral terraces of plants and fighting against water erosion and wind.
- Establishment of a monitoring and evaluation system for desertification processes using remote sensing technology and integration of geographic information systems with the commercial field.
The project was implemented between 2003-2006. In addition to the positive results obtained in terms of mitigation and rehabilitation of degraded lands and improved vegetation and increased productivity of land degradation, the project achieved the following successes:
- Improve the living conditions of the local population as a result of improved pasture productivity and income generation through project activities.
- Identify successful environmentally sound procedures and appropriate technologies to combat desertification and reduce land degradation.
- Sensitize the communities and decision makers concerned about the dangers of desertification in human and environmental systems.
- Improve water resources and vegetation databases.
- Identify ways and means and technologies to improve pasture productivity.
- Determine the proper procedures for collecting water and re-publish it.
It turns out that it may be re-rehabilitation of pastoral lands that the percentage of vegetation covers more than 32% could raise that percentage to 80% after rehabilitation.
- The topographic diversity in the rehabilitated areas helps to a wide application of the procedures for the harvesting of water.
- The best ways to harvest the water were semicircular departments and Maanah's form of basins.
- Mild or moderate deterioration of land can be rehabilitated through protection and little direct intervention for rehabilitation.
- It can mitigate losses from soil erosion by applying suitable maintenance roads and mountain terraces are considered to be maintenance of these roads.
- It was observed that field visits and workshops were basic tools to increase awareness.
- It was noted that the training of national cadres and enable participation of the necessary measures to sustain employment and to maintain the positive results of projects to combat the approach to desertification.
Owner: International Center for Agricultural Research in Dry Areas ICARDA Program
00963-11-2266250 / 2266251